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Alternative Energy Tutorials on Biomass

Biochar Energy

Biochar Energy from Biomass

Biochar is a charcoal looking carbon rich substance formed by heating organic biomass plant matter in low-oxygen conditions by a process known as pyrolysis. Biochar can be added to the soil as an amendment and fertiliser to improve soil conditions as well as the sequestation of carbon in the soil to reduce levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. There are many biomass feedstocks suitable for biochar production but the type of biomass feedstock use in the pyrolysis process will determine the quality and efficiency of the biochar product

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Composting Turns Your Waste Into Soil

aerobic compost

Aerobic composting turns your garden waste in soil. Soil management in the garden has always been a priority for gardeners and those with green fingers to ensure the optimum growth of their plants and flowers. Composing organic solid wastes into usable soil enhancements using aerobic composting technologies prevents the waste from being sent to landfill with all the environmental issues that doing so entails. Backyard aerobic composting of organic matter by air-breathing microorganisms, worms and larger beetle type soil life forms can be used to breakdown the organic matter into a dark brown humus for use as a soil enhancer

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Vermicomposting

vermicomposting

Vermicompost is the end product of vermicomposting in which the decomposition of dead plants and other organic wastes is done by earthworms to release of nutrients from them. Vermicompost is a fine peat-like material of high porosity and water holding capacity that contains many vital nutrients in different forms which can be used plants. But not all earthworms are the same as different species of earthworms have evolved differently through time so occupy different ecological niches based on their feeding and burrowing habits. Anecic and Endogeic species are commonly used for vermicomposting due in part to their high rates of consumption and digestion, natural ability to colonize organic wastes and high reproductive cycles

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Benefits of Composting

anaerobic compost

The benefits of composting is well known, its good for the environment and the garden. Homemade compost mixed into the soil of your flower bed or vegetable garden not only improves the quality of the soil but helps keep the soil moist, adds nutrients reducing the need for commercial soil conditioners or fertilizers. Compost is created when organic and biodegradable materials or waste matter is decomposed and consumed by microorganisms, insects and worms. A compost pile at the end of the garden or composting containers is all you need. The benefits of composting are endless but the reduction of sending organic waste to lanfil is priceless

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Composting Bin

composting bin

Composting bins help keep your composting materials away from garden pests and rodents that may dismantle a compost heap looking for food. A composting bin or barrel looks better in your yard rather than a just a heap at the bottom of the garden and are ideal for small concreted areas. They also allow you to control the air, water content and temperature of the decomposing materials inside increasing the rate of composting.

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Vermicomposting

vermicomposting

Vermicomposting composting uses red earthworms and their by-products to produce a rich fine granular organic manure to enrich the soil improving the health of plants and flowers enormously, and today is a major part of organic gardening. Composting with earthworms is an excellent technique for making use of household kitchen scraps and garden rubbish that would have previously gone to landfill. Vermicomposting has a good potential to turn unwanted waste material into a valuable soil amendment all year round.

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Anaerobic Composting

anaerobic compost

Anaerobic composting uses bacterial micro-organism called anaerobes to produce a humus and nutrient rich organic matter in the absence of oxygen using fermentation, similar to the fermentation processes which occur naturally in bogs, swamps, marshes and other such wetlands that produce peat compost and moss. Wet Anaerobic Composting converts liquid organic wastes into a rich source of renewable energy in the form of Biogas.

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Aerobic Composting

aerobic compost

Aerobic composting is the controlled and natural process of rotting down and decaying of once living organic wastes into an inexpensive and green renewable resource that solves a lot of the problems associated with disposing of dead plants, kitchen wastes and other organic waste products which would otherwise by sent to a landfill. The benefits of aerobic composting include improved soil and root structure producing healthier plants and crops as well as a reduction in the use of chemical fertilisers.

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