Biofuel production has seen a steady increase in popularity and usage over the last decade, The sustainability of many of the so called first-generation biofuels produced from food crops such as grains, sugar cane and vegetable oils have concern many about their effects on the food-chain, as well as their effects on the environment and climate change. Second-generation biofuels usage of non-food crops, agricultural and forestry residues, by-products and man-made oils significantly reduces these negative impacts making second-generation biofuel production less dependant on fossil fuels
Biochar is a charcoal looking carbon rich substance formed by heating organic biomass plant matter in low-oxygen conditions by a process known as pyrolysis. This biochar can be added to the soil as an amendment and fertiliser to improve soil conditions as well as the sequestation of carbon in the soil to reduce levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide. There are many biomass feedstocks suitable for biochar production but the type of biomass feedstock use in the pyrolysis process will determine the quality and efficiency of the biochar product
The efficiency of biomass energy depends on how effectively biomass resources can be converted into electrical power, heat and fuels using a variety of new techologies and traditional methods. Biomass energy crops are now being grown in vast quantities to produce modern forms of energy such as biofuels for transport, pellets for electricity generation as well as a wide diversity of bio-chemicals and bio-lubricants making biomass a truely versatile fuel.
Biomass resources and biorenewable resources are all forms of organic materials, including plant matter both living and in waste form which can be used as an energy crops. The availability of biomass resources from forestry management, farming activities and agricultural industries depends on the energy crop specifically devoted to the production of biofuels from different cereals, beet and oilseeds for the production of bioethanol and biodiesel production
Biolubrications, bio-based lubricants and bio-lubes are made from a different variety of vegetable seeds and oils, such as rapeseed, canola, sunflower, soybean, palm, and coconut oils. Biolubricants are used in machinery as a direct replacement for conventional fossil fuel based oils reducing the impact on the environment as a result of leakage during use or in sensitive areas in or around water which can remain contaminated for many years. Biolubricants reduce the impact on the environment and workers due to their lower toxicity levels compared to conventional lubricants and greases
Wood Biomass is a versatile energy source which can be used instead of traditional fossil fuel energy in many energy sectors for providing electricity, heat and transport fuels as well as non-energy useage. The sustainable and optimal use of wood biomass feedstock for energy purposes can also be used in the production of Biofuels and Biogas to help cut our greenhouse gas emissions providing the growing supply of biomass feedstocks can be maintained .
Waste to Energy Conversion reduces the environmental impact of sending municipal waste to landfill. Better solid waste management systems around the world are now extracting the energy from waste materials by thermal or biological means to generate electricity. The management and treatment of solid waste by thermal pyrolysis and gasification technologies is the economically viable approach for the management of solid wastes. Biochemical and biological technologies which use living organisms and microbes is more suited to liquid slurry wastes allowing waste energy to be a form of recycled energy
Biogas energy is produced when organic material is fermented under anaerobic conditions and in the absence of air. Organic plant materials, slurry, byproducts, agricultural and food wastes are fermented together in large tanks were they are converted by microorganisms to a combustible gas. Biogas as an energy fuel has the advantage that it is a climate-neutral fuel because it is produced from sustainable energy crops with processed biogas being identical to natural gas for use in cooking, transportation and electrical energy generation
What is Biomass Energy and what is biomass made from. Simply put, biomass is any organic type material or matter that is renewable over time producing stored energy. Biomass gets its energy from the sun so all organic matter contains stored energy from the sun. Biomass is made from woody materials, agricultural crops, green wastes or any organic matter that can be used as an energy source. There are many different types of biomass materials available which can be used for heat, power, electricity, fuel, and other bio related products, biogas, biodiesel, ethanol
Ethanol based bio-fuel is now becoming the main alternative to using traditional fossil fuels based gasoline in transportation as it can be used to run cars and to power engines, either by itself or mixed with other fuels. Ethanol used as a fuel is the most common form of the range of biomass fuels and oils now available as it can be used to power engines replacing or augment gasoline as a significant source of automotive fuel. Advantages of ethanol is that being made from biomass it is biodegradable and not harmful to the environment. However, ethanol production requires large amounts of agricultural crops and land for its production