Alternative Energy Tutorials about Wind Energy

Wind Speed

Wind Speed Sock

Wind Energy is the largest form of renewable energy generation with hundreds of giga-watts of electrical energy being generated around the world every year. But in order for wind turbine generators to generate such vast quantities of this free and sustainable energy, there has to be some wind. Wind turbines have been around for many years, with their energy capture design, efficiency and reliability improving dramatically. Ideally the rotational speed of wind turbines is almost constant and limited to a narrow range of wind speeds. So ensuring that their is enough wind speed at any given location is important for energy production

Wind Turbine Generation

wind turbine design

How much electricity does a wind turbine generate is one of the main questions asked by homeowners looking to buy a wind turbine generator. While wind turbine generators are environmentally friendly generators that generate electrical energy using wind power, The type of turbine generator, its blade design and efficiency are all factors which determine its annual power generating performance. Location, wind speed, rotor diameter and variable speed designs for small and mid-size wind turbines all affect its power output. Accurate data of wind speeds and direction throughout a yearly cycle will help in understanding the operating characteristics of a wind turbine allowing for a better purchasing choice

Wind Power and the Environment

wind power environment

Wind power and the environment continues to be a discusion as we use the renewable energy sources available within the environment to power our lives. While wind power is a clean, sustainable and accepted alternative to burning fossil fuels, the environmental imapact of wind power on wildlife and their natural habitats must be taken into consideration when siting a new wind farm. Wind farms built for the production of electricity have the potential to impact the natural and urban environment affecting birds, bats and other fauna and flora at a specific site

Airborne Wind Energy

airborne wind energy

Airborne wind energy uses tethered wings, aerofoils, kites or ballons that fly high up in crosswinds to generate electrical energy. Unlike grounded wind turbines, airborne wind energy devices fly freely in the air connected by a tether to the ground exploiting the relative velocity between the crosswinds and the ground. The force of the wind in higher altitudes above the ground are typically much stronger and more consistent than those closer to the ground so using airborne wind energy devices makes it possible to obtain very high power densities

Wind Water Pumping


Using wind power to pump water for irrigation or drainage is nothing new. Wind pumping uses the kinetic energy of the wind as a renewable energy resource to produce different and useful energy forms, such as mechanical energy or even electrical energy. Piston pumps or rotary pumps driven by the power of the wind pump the water from one location to another. Wind water pumping reduces the need for diesel driven or electric motor driven pumps as wind driven pumps can produce a continuous flow of water, as long as it is windy, and requires no fossil fuel, making it a more eco-friendly solution

Environmental Impact of Wind Energy

wind turbine design

Environmental impact of wind energy and wind farms on the local wildlife and their habitats has been a topic of conversation for many years. Climate change issues,a reduction of CO2 emissions, depleted fossil fuel reserves and soaring fuel prices have all led to an increase in the use of renewable energy sources with wind energy and wind power generation being a cost efficient energy source. Wind turbines generate electricity by harnessing the power of the wind using rotor blades or propellers set in motion by the energy of the wind. While wind power does not produce harmful emissions or hazardous waste or deplete natural resourses, it does however have an impact on the natural habitats of birds and bats

DC Generator Design

DC Generator Design

DC permanent magnet generators are commonly used in small wind turbine and micro-hydro designs as the main generator of electrical energy. Brushless direct current (DC) permanent magnet machines are preferred due to their efficiency, reliability, longer life, less maintenance, and higher power output. DC generators for wind turbine applications use permanent magnets to create the magnetic field required for electrical generation. These turbine-driven PMDC generators can produce output power over varying wind speed conditions

Wind Turbine Blade Design

wind energy

Wind turbine blade design is a major factor in turbine propulsion, efficiency, noise, and control. The aerodynamic design of a wind turbine blade includes parameters such as blade shape, quantity, aerofoil selection and optimal attack angle in order to extract the most energy from the wind. The rotor blades of modern horizontal axis wind turbines closely resemble the look and shape of an aeroplanes propeller as there are similarities in their operation. The relationship between a rotor blades rotational velocity and relative wind speed, called its tip speed ratio is the main blade design parameter to consider as well as the number of blades, chord widths, and aerofoil lift

Vertical Axis Wind Turbine

wind turbine design

Verical wind turbines are a relatively new concept in the design of wind turbines. Different vertical axis machines are being designed and developed such as the helical types which can catch the wind from all directions for use in urban environments where their small size and high power output are more suited to home use. Vertical axis wind turbines are also considered safer due to their lower vertical height, rotational speeds, and less moving mechanical components. VAWT designs have their electrical generators positioned closer to the ground for easily access and maintanence. The Darrieus and the Savonius vertical axis types are emerging as the most popular

Induction Machines

indution generator

Induction generators are electrical machines used in wind turbine and hydro turbine applications to generate electrical energy. Wind turbines operate over a wide range of wind speeds so any electrical generator attached to the turbines blades must also be able to operate at a variable rotational speed. Induction machines are asynchronous generators meaning that when it is driven or rotated at a higher speed than its synchronous speed, that is the rotational speed determined by the frequency of the supply, its torque will be negative so starts acting as a generator rather than a motor. Then operating an induction machine as a generator it is necessary to turn the machines rotor faster than the synchronous speed