Peat Pellets from Sphagnum Moss
Peat Pellets Made from Sphagnum Peat Moss
Renewable energy technologies play an important role in modern industry and social livelihood, and their variety cannot but please. In particular, solar and wind energy are as wide spread as traditional fuels in contrast to biomass energy, which is a prerogative of certain countries, engaged in its production and trade.
The brightest image of such an issue is fuel pellets industry, which appeared at the end of the 20th century. Specifically, this term and industrial field was introduced in Germany. To date, fuel pellets are recognized as biofuels of standard cylindrical shape used for heating of households.
As prices on oil and gas get higher, the demand on fuel peat pellets increases, especially in the European countries, where their eco-friendly features are highly appreciated.
Besides cheaper low cost prices, ecological compatibility is the most valuable advantage of this type of renewable energy. During combustion of the peat pellets, the amount of carbon dioxide gas is equal to its absorbed amount during the growth of the tree.
To be more precise, pellets might be made of peat, wood or agricultural waste. In this case, one can get familiar with such items as peat pellets, wood pellets or sawdust pellets that are united under the term of “fuel pellets”. In addition, one more benefit might be defined, which features practical usage of timber factories’ run-off. It appears to be a basic material for pellets’ production.
Speaking of the production process, it is important to mention a pressing method. Initially, wood or peat wastes are broken to pieces and milled. Then this mass is dried out and put into pellet pressing machine, where it forms pellets according to the national standards. Indeed, most of the exporting states follow their own certificates of standard and quality. In this context, it is appropriate to mention the United States, Germany, Austria, and the United Kingdom as major players on the market of fuel pellets.
On the contrary, Ukraine and Russia are also significant producers, but these countries do not have any standards established by now and, therefore, they follow German example. The most common items of such certificates point out pellets’ diameter ( 6,8 or 10 mm ), moisture ( 8 – 12% ), ash-content ( 0,5 – 1,5% ), production capacity ( 650 – 750 kg ) and thermal value ( 4100 – 4300 KKal/kg ).
Being environmentally friendly type of energy, fuel peat pellets gained big popularity in the European Union, where installation of peat pellet burning stoves and boilers is supported on national level, including government grants. In many countries, focused on renewable resources advancement, nearly 2/3 of private households and countryside cottages are heated by wood or peat pellets.
Germany is a vivid example of how fuel pellets have influenced on states policy, which nowadays encourages both production and import of the product, as well as an establishment of power stations in the nearest future based on fuel pellets heating. Last year German producers have reached the point of 1,9 million pellets; 1,4 million were consumed within the country.
Maria Kruk, an author for Patentsbase.com and Peat Pellets